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华师经管学术讲座第373期(经济)

2021-06-17 09:20:47 来源: 点击: 收藏本文

【题目】Migration Controls, Fiscal Externalities, and Access to Educational Opportunities in China

【时间】2021年6月17日(周四)13:00--14:30

【地点】腾讯会议149 738 945

【主讲人】张吉鹏副教授(西南财经大学)

【主持人】刘愿教授

【主讲人简介】

张吉鹏,现任西南财经大学经济与管理研究院副教授。博士毕业于美国匹兹堡大学经济学专业。在加入西南财经大学之前,曾担任新加坡南洋理工大学经济学助理教授,他的研究领域包括公共经济学、实证产业组织、行为与实验经济学。研究成果见诸于International Economic Review, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Southern Economic Journal, Pacific Economic Review, Economics Inquiry,《中国社会科学》,《经济研究》,《经济学(季刊)》等国内外知名期刊。

【摘要】

There have been large differences in economic development among regions and cities in China since the country embraced market-based reforms in the late 1970s. This in-equality in spatial development has caused large internal migration flows as households from rural areas have sought economic opportunities for themselves and their children in urban areas. We document that internal migrants, who did not obtain full residency rights, have not enjoyed the same access to local public goods and services as city residents. In particular, unequal access to educational opportunities implies that children of migrants have lower levels of human capital accumulation than children of residents. The internal migration controls, therefore, create barriers to mobility across the income and wealth distributions within China. We develop a spatial overlapping generations model with heterogeneous households to study the feasibility of alternative internal migration policies that offer the potential of decreasing the inequality within China while at the same time increasing the level of human capital accumulation in the economy. We show that these reforms are feasible, but require significant tax increases to offset the reduction of the positive fiscal externalities provided by migrants.